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This standard applies to the product defined in Clause 3 below and offered for direct consumption including for catering purposes or for repacking if required. It does not apply to the product when indicated as being intended for further processing.
2.1 GSO 9 “Labeling of prepackaged foodstuffs".
2.2 GSO 150-2 “Expiration periods of food product". Expiration dates for food products - Part 2 :Voluntary expiration dates
2.3 GSO 1016 “Microbiological criteria for foodstuffs – Part 1".
2.4 GSO 1694 “General principles of food hygiene".
2.5 GSO 2055-1 “HALAL food - Part 1: General requirements".
2.6 GSO193 “Contaminants & toxins in food and feed".
2.7 GSO 2500 " Additives Permitted For Use In Food Stuffs"
Fermented Soybean Paste is a fermented food whose essential ingredient is soybean. The product is a paste type which has various physical properties such as semi-solid and partly retained shape of soybean and which is manufactured from the ingredients stipulated in Sub-Clauses 4/1/1 and 4/1/2 through the following processes:
a- Boiled or steamed soybeans, or the mixture of boiled or steamed soybeans and grains, are fermented with naturally occurring or cultivated microorganisms;
b- Mixed with salt or brine and others;
c - The mixture or solid part of the mixture shall be aged for a certain period of time until the quality of the product meets the requirements stipulated in Section 4.2 Quality Factors; and
d- Processed by heat or other appropriate means, before or after being hermetically sealed in a container, so as to prevent spoilage.
4.1.1 Basic Ingredients:
c- Potable water
d- Naturally occurring or cultivated microorganisms (Bacillus spp. and/or Aspergillus spp., which are not pathogenic and do not produce toxins)4. 1.2 Optional Ingredients:
a- Grains and/or flour (wheat, rice, barley, etc.)
b- Yeast and/or yeast extracts
c- Lactobacillus and/or Lactococcus
d- Distilled ethyl alcohol derived from agricultural products (tapioca, sugar cane, sweet potato, etc.)
f- Starch syrup
g- Natural flavouring raw materials (powder or extract from dried fish or seaweed, spices and herbs, etc.)4.2 Quality Factors:Table 1: Quality Factors
Fermented soybean paste manufactured with soybean only
Fermented soybean paste manufactured with soybean and cereal grains
Total nitrogen (w/w)
No less than 1.6 %
No less than 0.6 %
Amino nitrogen (w/w)
No less than 0.3 %
No less than 0.12 %
Not more than 60 %
The product shall have the flavour, odour, colour and texture characteristic of the product.
4.3 Classification of “Defectives":
Any container that fails to meet the applicable quality requirements, as set out in Clause 4/2, should be considered as "defective".
4.4 Lot Acceptance:
A lot should be considered as meeting the applicable quality requirements referred to in Clause 4/2, when the number of "defectives", as defined in Clause 4/3, does not exceed the acceptance number (c) of the appropriate sampling plans.
 The nitrogen conversion factor of 5.71 should be used.
Acidity regulators, antioxidants, colors, flavor enhancers, preservatives, stabilizers and sweeteners listed in the standard referred to in Clause 2/7 are acceptable for use in food conforming to this standard.
5.1 Acidity Regulator: Table 2: Acidity Regulator
Name of Food Additive
(as tartaric acid)
Potassium sodium L(+)-tartrate
Table 3: Antioxidant
as sulphur dioxide
Table 4: Colour
Table 5: Preservatives
1000 mg/kg as sorbic acid,
singly or in combination
1000 mg/kg as benzoic acid,
Table 6: Sweeteners
5.6 Processing Aids:
Table 7: Processing Aids:
Name of Processing Aid
Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol
Sodium polyphosphates, glassy
The products covered by this Standard shall comply with the maximum levels of residues mentioned in the standard referred to in Clause 2/6. The products covered by this Standard shall comply with the maximum residue limits for pesticides established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission.
7.1 It is recommended that the products covered by the provisions of this Standard be prepared and handled in accordance with the appropriate Clauses of the standard referred to in Clause 2/4, and other relevant Codex texts, such as Codes of Hygienic Practice and Codes of Practice.
7.2 The products should comply with any microbiological criteria established in accordance with the standard referred to in Clause 2/3.
8.1 Minimum Fill
The container should be well filled with the product which should occupy not less than 90% (minus any necessary head space according to good manufacturing practices) of the water capacity of the container. The water capacity of the container is the value of distilled water at 20ºC which the sealed container will hold when completely filled. Taking into account various characteristics of the products, minimum fill may not be applied to some types of products.
8.2 Classification of Defectives
A container that fails to meet the requirement for minimum fill of Clause 8/1 should be considered as a “defective".
8.3 Lot Acceptance
A lot should be considered as meeting the requirements of Clause 8/1 when the number of “defectives", as defined in Clause 8/2 does not exceed the number (c) of the appropriate sampling plan.
Without prejudice to what is stated in the Gulf standards mentioned in items 2/1 and 2/2, the following shall be included in the label:
9.1 Product Name
The name of the product shall be "Fermented Soybean Paste". Other names may be used if allowed by national legislation in the country where the product is consumed. The name of the product may include the name of an ingredient which characterizes the product.
9.2 “HALAL" Claim
Claims on “Halal" fermented soybean paste shall be according to the standard referred to in Clause 2/5.
9.3 Labeling of non-retail containers
Information for non-retail containers shall be given on the container or in accompanying documents, except that the name of the product, lot identification and the name and address of the manufacturer, packer or distributor, as well as storage instructions, shall appear on the container. However, lot identification, and the name and address of the manufacturer, packer or distributor may be replaced by an identification mark, provided that such a mark is clearly identifiable with the accompanying documents.
10.1 Determination of Total Nitrogen
According to AOAC 984.13.
10.2 Determination of Amino Nitrogen
According to AOAC 920.154 B (Sorensen Method) on the following conditions:
- Preparation of test samples
Weigh 2 g of sample into a 250 ml beaker and mix the sample with 100 ml of cold (15°C) NH3-free H2O and then stir the mixture for 60 min. Next, decant the mixture through a quantitative filter and collect the filtrate in a 100 ml volumetric flask.
A pH meter shall be used to determine the endpoint instead of optical verification of colors.
10.3 Determination of MoistureAccording to AOAC 934.01 at a drying temperature of 70ºC or lower.
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