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Chapter 4: Measures Against Unauthorized Removal

Section 23: Prudent Management Practices

75. Nuclear material below Category III and /or nuclear material, which is in a form that is no longer usable for any nuclear activity, minimizes environmental dispersal and is practicably irrecovera-ble, shall be managed and protected by the licensee in accordance with prudent management practices prescribed by NRRC.

Section 24: Measures for Categories I, II and III Nuclear Material

76. The licensee shall ensure that nuclear material is used or stored within a limited access area at the very least.

77. The licensee shall develop and maintain detection capability for any potential unauthorized intru-sion to the nuclear material at the facility.

78. The licensee shall establish and implement procedures for transferring nuclear material withing the authorized facility.

79. The licensee shall establish and implement technical means and procedures for access control that provide protection against compromise to the access.

80. For movements of Category III nuclear material within a limited access area, the licensee shall ap-ply all prudent and necessary nuclear security measures.

81. The licensee shall prepare a contingency plan to effectively counter malicious acts.

Section 25: Measures for Categories I and II Nuclear Material

82. Notwithstanding to the requirement in Section 23, the licensee shall comply to the requirements made under this section for Category I and II nuclear material.

83. The licensee shall use or store Category II nuclear material within a protected area located inside a restricted access area.

84. The protected area perimeter shall be equipped with a physical barrier, intrusion detection devic-es, and assessment to detect any unauthorized access.

85. The protected area's access points shall be kept to the minimum necessary and appropriately se-cured and fitted with alarms.

86. Vehicles, persons, and packages entering and leaving the protected area shall be subject to search for detection and prevention of unauthorized access and prohibited items or removal of nuclear material.

87. Attention shall be given to the detection of contraband material, explosives, and firearms, as well as devices or measures, in which appropriate measures for detection shall be used.

88. The licensee shall implement measures prescribed by the NRRC for authorized access to protect-ed areas.

89. Licensee shall provide technical means and procedures for access control, including keys and computerized access lists against manipulation, falsification, or any other form of compromise

90. The licensee shall establish a central alarm station based on the requirements prescribed by the NRRC. 

91. The licensee shall establish and maintain the capability at all times for guards and response forc-es.

92. The licensee shall establish measures under which on-site movements of nuclear material be-tween two protected areas are treated in compliance with the requirements for nuclear material during transport, taking into account existing nuclear security measures at the facility.

Section 26: Measures for Category I Nuclear Material

93. Notwithstanding to the requirement in Section 23 and 24, the licensee shall comply to the re-quirements made under this section for Category I nuclear material.

94. The licensee shall use or store Category I nuclear material within an inner area located inside a protected area.

95. The licensee shall ensure that the inner areas is secured and alarmed when unattended.

96. The inner areas shall be equipped with systems and measures that provide delay against unau-thorized access to allow for a timely and appropriate response against malicious acts. These sys-tems and measures shall be designed to counter potential capability of the insider and external adversary for all potential points of intrusion.

97. Vehicle barriers shall be installed at an appropriate distance from the inner area to prevent the penetration of unauthorized land, waterborne, and/or airborne threats that could be used by an adversary for committing a malicious act. 

98. The licensee shall ensure effective access control measures to inner areas are developed and im-plemented at the facility and during the conduct of activity.

99. The licensee shall develop and adhere to procedure on measures for detection and prevention unauthorized access to the Category I nuclear material.

100. The licensee shall ensure detection of unauthorized action by continuous surveillance using the two-person rule or other equivalent means, whenever an inner area is occupied for the purpose to counter the insider threat.

101. The licensee shall ensure that the storage of Category I nuclear material is in accordance with the requirements prescribed by the NRRC.

102. The number of access points into the inner area shall be kept to the minimum necessary in which, all points of potential access shall be appropriately secured and alarmed.​


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