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Chapter 3: Authorization of Facilities and Activities

Section 6: Pre-authorization Engagement

12. The applicant shall be subject to the pre-authorization engagement process as part of the author-ization process, depending on the complexity of the activity or facility.

Section 7: Types of Authorization

13. The types of authorization that the NRRC grants are:

(a) Registration: The activities with low or moderate risk of exposure and for which opera-tions do not vary significantly shall be registered provided that:

i. Safety and security can largely be ensured by the design of the facilities and equipment;

ii. The operating procedures are simple to follow;

iii. The training requirements for safety and security are minimal; and 

iv. There is an insignificant history of problems relating to safety and security during operations.

(b) Licensing: The activities with a higher risk of exposure necessitating more complex opera-tions and consequently a detailed assessment of the nature magnitude and likelihood of potential exposures, and any concern related to peaceful uses of nuclear material speci-fied by the NRRC shall be licensed.

(c) Permit: The transaction of authorized activities involving import, export, or transfer of the ownership of radiation sources, nuclear material, and/or ore containing uranium and thorium.

(d) Approval: The activities or practices under regulatory control which are not subject to the type of authorization in Article 13 (a), (b) and (c).

14. In addition to the authorization applied by the applicant based on each individual facility and/or activity, the NRRC may require an application for a different or additional authorization(s) in or-der to carry out the purposes of this regulation.

15. Notwithstanding Article 14, the applicant shall follow the NRRC instructions about the associated authorization process and the required information and supporting documents to be submitted.

Section 8: General Provisions for Authorization

16. At any time, no person shall initiate any activity at any facility that contains a radiation source, nuclear material or ore containing uranium and thorium without first obtaining a valid authoriza-tion from the NRRC.

17. When submitting an application for authorization, the applicant shall provide the NRRC with the information and supporting documents required by this regulation, as well as any additional in-formation as prescribed by the NRRC.

18. The applicant shall submit the requirements prescribed in Article 17 through the designated mechanism requested by the NRRC.

19. The submission required by Article 17 shall be in a language that enables an accurate assessment of the applicable safety, security, and safeguard provisions applicable to the facilities and activi-ties to be authorized by the NRRC.

20. Upon submission, the applicant is subject to the requirements as specified in the proof of submis-sion issues by the NRRC.

21. The applicant shall ensure completeness and correctness of submission at all times.

22. Regardless of whether the applicant satisfies the requirement in Article 21, the applicant is re-sponsible for ensuring the validity of the documents submitted.

23. As part of the authorization process, the authorized person shall provide:

(a) A proof of payment of the necessary fees, as prescribed by NRRC;

(b) Additional information from the applicant as deemed necessary to facilitate the decision-making process; and

(c) An on-site inspection of the applicant's premise, if so, required by the NRRC.

24. If the applicant is unable to comply with the requirements of Article 23, the NRRC reserves the right to halt the evaluation process and reject the application for authorization.

25. At any time, the applicant shall have the right to request for cancellation after submission.

26. The authorization shall be granted only when safety and security are ensured by the applicant.

27. The authorization shall be granted upon the applicant's legal representative submitting a satisfac-tory application to the NRRC.

28. At all times, the authorized person shall adhere to the NRRC's requirements and conditions for authorization. 

29. The authorized person shall adhere to the validity period of the authorization granted by the NRRC.

30. The operation of facilities and the application of activities after the expiration of corresponding authorization are prohibited.

31. The NRRC reserves the right to deny an authorization in the following circumstances:

(a) Unjustified activities;

(b) Non-compliance to other requirements stablished by NRRC;

(c) Radiation protection and radiological safety are not ensured;

(d) Security of nuclear and radioactive material is not ensured;

(e) Safeguard requirements related to nuclear material and/or ore containing uranium and thorium are not being met; and

(f) In the absence of proof of payment of the required fees, as prescribed by regulations made under the law.

32. If the NRRC declines to grant an authorization, the applicant may submit a new application for an authorization.

33. In addition to the requirements prescribed in this section, authorization through licensing of facili-ties shall cover the following phases of facilities' entire lifetime:

(a) Pre-operational phase, which includes siting, design, construction, testing, and commis-sioning;

(b) Operational phase; and

(c) Closure phase, which includes decommissioning, closure (for waste disposal facilities), and final clearance of the activities and/or facilities.​

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