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Chapter 6: Nuclear Security During Transport

Section 30: General Nuclear Security Requirements to Protect Nuclear Material During Transport

117. The licensee shall aggregate the total amount of nuclear material on or in a single conveyance to determine a categorization and identify and implement the appropriate security requirements and measures for the conveyance.

118. When different types of nuclear material are transported on the same conveyance, an appropri-ate aggregation formula shall be used by the licensee to determine the category of the consign-ment according to the requirement provided in the Regulation on Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials (NRRC-R-15).

119. The licensee shall implement nuclear security measures against unauthorized removal during transport applying graded approach mechanism. 

120. Licensee shall identify and implement additional nuclear security measures to prevent malicious act on nuclear material during transport, based on the design basis threat and potential radiologi-cal consequences. 

121. The safety features of the design of transport package, container, and conveyance shall be taken into account while deciding additional physical protection measures for the protection of the ma-terial against malicious act.

122. The licensee shall protect sensitive information relating to transport operations, including de-tailed information on the schedule and route, and shall disseminate such information only based on the need to know.

123. The licensee shall not use unnecessary markings on conveyances and shall avoid the use of open channels for transmission of messages concerning shipments of nuclear material.

124. When a security related message is transmitted, such information shall be protected in accord-ance with applicable information protection requirements prescribed by the NRRC.

125. The authorized person shall establish procedures to ensure the security of keys to conveyances and security locks commensurate with the categorization of the nuclear material being transport-ed.

126. If the conveyance comes to an unexpected extended stop, the physical protection measures ap-propriate for that category of material in storage shall be applied to the extent possible and prac-ticable. 

127. Physical protection of nuclear material in storage incidental to transport shall be at a level appro-priate for the category of the nuclear material and provide a level of protection consistent with that required in Chapter 4 for use and storage.

Section 31: Requirements for Categories I, II and III Nuclear Material 

128. In addition to requirements in Section 29, the requirements in this Section shall be applicable to Categories I, II and III nuclear materials.

129. The licensee shall ensure that prior agreements among, receiver, and carrier specify the time, place, and procedures for transferring physical protection responsibilities; and that adequate physical protection arrangements are in place.

130. An application for a license to transport Category I, II or III nuclear material shall contain, in addi-tion to any other information required in Section 29, a written transportation security plan as prescribed by the NRRC. 

131. The licensee shall ensure that packages containing nuclear material are carried in a closed, locked, and sealed conveyance, compartment, or freight container.

132. The licensee shall make the necessary arrangement for a detailed search of conveyance to ensure that nothing has been tempered with and that nothing has been affixed to the package or con-veyance that might compromise the security of the consignment.

133. The licensee shall ensure the availability of an uninterrupted communication system for the con-veyance to communicate with response forces.

134. Upon arrival, the licensee shall ensure the integrity of the packages and locks and seals in verify-ing that the security of the consignment has not been compromised and accepts the shipment and notifies the NRRC in writing immediately.

Section 32: Requirements for Categories I and II Nuclear Material

135. In addition to requirement provided in Section 29 and 30, the requirements in this Section shall apply to Categories I and II nuclear material.

136. Prior to commencing transport, the licensee shall ensure that all measures necessary to imple-ment the approved transport security plan are in place.

137. The conveyance shall be searched immediately prior to loading and shipment, and the convey-ance shall be placed in a secure area or kept under guard surveillance until its loading and ship-ment for transport and unloading, immediately upon completion of the search.

138. The licensee shall ensure that physical protection measures are able to provide sufficient delay in the conveyance, freight container and package so that guards and response forces have reasona-ble time for an appropriate response.

139. The licensee shall ensure each shipment is accompanied by adequately equipped and trained guards, including prior to and during loading and unloading operations.

140. Surveillance of the route shall be conducted for any threat indicators, and any necessary re-sponse shall be initiated.

141. Continuous, effective surveillance of the packages or locked cargo hold, or compartment holding the packages, shall be maintained at all times, especially when the conveyance is not on move.

142. Nuclear security measures shall include provision of continuous two-way voice communication systems between the conveyance, any guards accompanying the shipment, the designated re-sponse forces, and where appropriate, the shipper and receiver. Such systems shall be redun-dant, diverse, and secure.

143. The licensee shall make arrangements for the availability of response forces proportional to the prevailing threat to deal with nuclear security events in time to prevent the unauthorized removal of nuclear material.

Section 33: Requirements for Category I Nuclear Material 

144. In addition to requirement provided in Section 29, 30 and 31, the requirements in this Section shall apply to Category I nuclear material.

145. The NRRC shall be intimated about exact date and time of shipment prior to the commencement of each shipment.

146. The licensee shall conduct a detailed route surveillance based on the threat assessment or intelli-gence information.

147. The licensee shall establish a transport control center for the purpose of keeping track of the cur-rent position and physical protection measures status of the shipment of nuclear material and alerting response forces in case of an attack.

148. The transport control center shall be protected so that its function can continue in the presence of the threat.

149. While the shipment is in process, the transport control center shall be staffed by appropriate per-sonnel whose trustworthiness has been predetermined.​


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