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Chapter 9: Human Imaging for Purposes other than Medical Diagnosis, Medical Treatment or Biomedical Research

Section 40: Justification of Practices Involving the Deliberate Exposure of Humans for Non-Medical Imaging Purposes

114. Not any practice involving the deliberate exposure of humans for non-medical imaging purposes shall be engaged in unless justified.

115. The process of evaluating the justification of conducting the justifiable practice shall include the consideration of:

(a) The benefits and detriments of implementing the type of human imaging procedure;

(b) The benefits and detriments of not implementing the type of human imaging procedure;

(c) Any legal or ethical issues associated with the introduction of the type of human imaging procedure;

(d) The effectiveness and suitability of the type of human imaging procedure, including the appropriateness of the radiation equipment for the intended use;

(e) The availability of sufficient resources to conduct the human imaging procedure safely throughout the intended period of the practice.

116. Any person responsible for a practice involving deliberate exposure of humans for non-medical imaging purposes, which has been determined through the due process as justified, shall apply for an authorization from the NRRC as referenced in Sections 21 and 22.

Section 41: Optimization of Protection and Safety

117. The authorized person responsible for a practice involving human imaging using radiation con-ducted by medical personnel using medical radiological equipment, which exposes humans to ra-diation for employment related, legal or health insurance purposes without reference to clinical indication, shall ensure that the appropriate optimization requirements for medical exposure in Section 72 are applied, with dose constraints defined by the NRRC instead of diagnostic reference levels.

118. Procedures with inspection imaging devices in which radiation is used to expose persons for the purpose of detection of concealed weapons, contraband or other objects on or within the body shall be considered to give rise to public exposure. The authorized person shall apply the re-quirements for public exposure and  dose constraints for public exposure prescribed by the NRRC.

119. The authorized person shall ensure that all persons who are to undergo procedures with inspec-tion imaging devices in which ionizing radiation is used are informed of the possibility of request-ing the use of an alternative inspection technique that does not use ionizing radiation, where available.

120. At all time, the authorized person shall ensure that any inspection imaging device used for the de-tection of concealed objects on or within the body, whether it is manufactured in the Kingdom or imported, conforms to NRRC's requirements.

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